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General Information

Flooding and Its Impact on the UK Housing Market

As the risk of flooding increases for many homes in the UK, it’s crucial that homeowners understand how to protect their property from potentially irreversible water damage. Since 2020, there’s been a 58% increase of weather-related property insurance claims, and with the government spending some £800 million on coastal defences alone each year, it seems flooding is a problem that’s not going away any time soon.

Installing preventative safety measures is a far more cost-effective way of dealing with torrential rain and unprecedented extreme weather than being unprepared and paying out to try and restore your home in the aftermath of a flood. And with many homeowners unaware that their properties are flood-prone, there’s no time like the present to start proactively safeguarding against flooding – especially if you live in coastal areas or near large bodies of water.

This detailed resource from Avrillo explores 30 key facts about flooding, with a focus on how flood risk can impact the housing market, both in terms of influencing property prices and demand. Whether you need tips and advice on how to safeguard your home against flooding, help after suffering a flood, or want to know more about how the value of your home may be affected – be sure to give this guide a read-through. With in-depth statistics about the impact of flooding on UK real estate and useful links to help those concerned, this is a great resource for anyone interested in future-proofing their home: 

The guide covers: 

  • In-depth statistics on the impact of flooding on UK real estate
  • Tips on protecting your home from flooding 
  • Advice on recovering from a flood
  • Useful resource links on flooding in the UK, recovery, and community support

Their research has uncovered that:

  • 67% of homeowners are scared of the impact of climate change; however,  23% have not checked to see if they lived in a high-risk flood area. 
  • Although 57% of SMEs believe climate change will have an impact on their business in the next ten years, only 38% have a dedicated flood insurance plan in place–and only 18% have carried out flood prevention measures.
  • The UK risks losing a total of 167 million homes in 20 years because of climate change.

Oil Buying Scheme

Become a member of Community First’s Herefordshire & Worcestershire Community Oil Buying Scheme!

Great value and convenience.

In 2013, Community First set up a bulk buying group for heating oil for anyone in the two counties.  The scheme keeps money in the local economy, builds a greater sense of community and cooperation and helps tackle fuel costs.  Over the years, with hundreds of members, we have saved many thousands of pounds across both counties. 

How does it work?

At the end of each month we collate orders placed by our members and negotiate with a number of suppliers.  Our savings are often between 2p and 4p a litre against the average English price and can be much more against local individual quotes.  Our prices are the same for 500 as for 1500 litres, which is good for spreading your costs.
To register your interest or ask a question please contact  or ring Richard on 07515 881231.

Membership costs £20 per year.  We are very happy to work with established local groups too for instance by sharing good practice and energy efficiency tips.  Community First will negotiate on your behalf with the oil suppliersThe best deal will be securedYou pay the supplier direct for the oil they deliverDeadlines for orders are approximately around the 26th-28th of each monthTo become a member please contact

Boundary Review for County Council Divisions

A consultation on draft recommendations for division boundaries in Worcestershire has begun

The Local Government Boundary Commission for England has today (10th January) published draft recommendations for new divisions, division boundaries, and division names for Worcestershire County Council.

The Commission are now inviting comments on those recommendations.

The consultation closes on 18 March 2024

Draft Recommendations Report

Draft Recommendations Map

Summary of Draft Recommendations

Have your say

You can take part in the consultation by CLICKING HERE or through the Commission’s website, which includes further information about the Commission and the review.

The Commission encourages everyone who has a view on the draft recommendations to contact them, whether you support them or whether you wish to propose alternative arrangements.

The Commission will consider every representation received during consultation, whether it is submitted by an individual, a local group or an organisation.

They will weigh each submission against the legal criteria which we must follow when drawing up electoral arrangements:

·       to deliver electoral equality: where each councillor represents roughly the same number of electors as others across the county;

·       that the pattern of divisions should, as far as possible, reflect the interests and identities of local communities;

·       that the electoral arrangements should provide for effective and convenient local government.

It is important that you take account of the criteria if you are suggesting an alternative pattern of divisions.

If you wish to put forward a view, they would also urge you to ensure that evidence supports your submission.

For example, if you wish to argue that two areas should be included in the same electoral division, make sure you tell them why they should be together, providing evidence about community facilities, ties, organisations, and amenities, rather than simply asserting that they belong together.

The Commission’s website features technical guidance that explains the process and their policies, as well as guidance on how to take part in each part of the process.

Share the road: cyclist and pedestrian safety awareness for drivers

UK roads are governed by the Highway Code. This extensive list of rules ensures the safety of every road user, not just drivers. The code is constantly being revised and updated, which is why it’s vital for all drivers – regardless of how much experience they have – to stay abreast of the latest rules. It’s important that everyone plays their part in keeping our roads a safe place for all, and this starts with educating ourselves about the rules of the road. 

This informative guide produced by Compare the Market is a great resource to refer to for anyone looking to understand more about how we can interact with each other more safely on the streets. It includes practical advice on how drivers can be more considerate to horse riders, pedestrians and cyclists, as well as outlining the latest rules around the hierarchy of road users. According to 2020 data, more than 4,000 cyclists were seriously injured on UK roads. Minimising this number by following recommended safety advice is important to helping everyone to feel safer whether you’re getting behind the wheel or on the saddle. 

Whenever we take to the roads, we’re not only responsible for our own safety, but also for that of anyone we share the space with. By following government guidelines and adopting good driving habits, motorists can play their part in reducing the number of road collisions and injuries we see each year.


What You Can Do: A Guide to Protecting Your Home From Floods

      Flooding is becoming a real issue in the UK, and not just in coastal areas. No longer a rare occurrence, climate change is making flooding a problem for many, including homeowners who never previously needed to consider it. Therefore, it’s important to understand whether your property is at risk of flooding, as well as what you can do to reduce the impact if the worst does happen.

      This expert guide to flooding from Comparethemarket explains everything you need to know about contents and home insurance for flood damage, as well as sharing actionable advice to protect your property. For example, you may have considered stocking up on sandbags and pallets to protect your furniture, but have you looked at installing one-way valves that stop sewage coming back up your pipes in the event of a flood? Is your garden landscaped in such a way that it diverts water away from your property? Have you raised electric sockets so that they might be able to stay out of the water?

      If not, then read this guide and get some top tips that can help protect your home. This is especially important as we head into the winter months, where the risk of flooding is greater due to winter storms. You’ll be glad that you’ve implemented these changes if water levels do rise – you can feel secure, knowing that you’ve done what you can to protect your house.


      8 Hills Regional Park survey

      The National Trust is exploring the creation of a new regional park within Bromsgrove, creating more spaces for wildlife and for you to enjoy, for background see our article Introducing the “8 Hills” Regional Park

      They would like to hear your views on projects for people and nature in the regional park, and how getting around the area could be improved.

      They are inviting you to share your views at Lickey Hills Country Park on Friday 11th August, 12 noon – 5 pm, and at The Beaches event, Kings Norton on Saturday 12th August, 10 am – 4 pm to capture your comments and ideas. Please come and visit their stand.

      Too busy to attend? You can have your say by completing an online survey and interactive map. You can find this here 8 Hills Regional Park Spatial Framework Consultation ( It will be available until Monday 4th September.

      Want to know more about the 8 Hills Regional Park? You can find out more about National Trust’s ideas at

      Thank you for taking part.

      Drainage & Flooding, Who Does What?

      There are a number of different organisations with an interest in drainage and flooding issues and knowing who to report a problem to is often confusing. With recent weather and the increased risk of flash flooding from thunderstorms and heavy downpours, we thought we’d remind you of who you need to contact for each type of flooding.

      If you have any concerns please report it to the appropriate organisations:

      • The Environment Agency Floodline on 0345 9881 1188 for main river flooding.
      • North Worcestershire Water Management on 01562 732191 for ordinary watercourse issues or surface water flooding.

      If you need assistance from your local council outside of normal office hours over the weekend please contact you local council’s out of hours service:

      Bromsgrove District Council on 01527 871 565

      For useful advice to help project your protect your property from flooding, read our article

      Avian Influenza confirmed near Bromsgrove

      Avian Influenza confirmed near Bromsgrove: all livestock/bird keepers please read

      3km Protection Zone includes part of Fairfield

      Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed on 26 November 2022 at a premises near Bromsgrove, Worcestershire. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone were put in place around the premises. Affected birds on the infected premises will be humanely culled.

      You can check if you are under restriction by using APHA’s interactive map which can be found here.

      Details of the measures that apply in these zones can be found in the declaration here.

      The NFU can provide their members with guidance on what to do if you are in a Disease Control Zone which includes information on disease control measures and licensing. This information is available here and please do get in touch if you need any guidance or support.

      Please be aware, if you have any poultry on your farm, even just a few chickens in the garden (this makes you a poultry keeper) and if any part of your CPH falls within one of the Disease Control Zones then restrictions will also apply to the movement of ANY of your livestock (including cattle, horses etc). A general licence is now available on the government website which can be used to transport livestock as long as certain conditions are met, including ensuring there has been no contact between livestock and poultry or captive birds for 21 days prior to movement.

      If parts of a single holding (with one CPH) are in different zones, then the whole of the site is considered to be in the zone with the highest level of restriction. If you have more than one holding and they have separate CPH’s, any holding with a single CPH where the entire holding is outside of the zone will not be subject to the additional restrictions that apply within the zones.


      If your premises is in one of the Disease Control Zones, a movement licence will be required for certain activities. Specific licences can be obtained from the APHA by using their online licensing portal.

      Please ensure you give the APHA as much notice as possible as it can take time to issue licences. Complex and high-risk movements will require extra time to assess and process.

      There are general licences available for certain movements, more information on these can be found on the government website.

      General information and guidance:

      • Further DEFRA Guidance on Avian influenza can be found here.
      • For all members with poultry please do follow good biosecurity practice. The NFU have biosecurity resources available here
      • If you haven’t already please do register your poultry on the national poultry register here – registering means APHA can contact keepers with advice and latest news on disease outbreaks.
      • To keep up to date on the latest information the NFU have an Avian Influenza hub which contains advice and information and can be found here.

      Become a Dementia Friend

      A Dementia Friend is somebody that learns about dementia so they can help their community. Dementia Friends help people living with dementia by taking actions – both big and small. Actions do not need to be time-consuming. Anyone can become a Dementia Friend and it’s really easy. Volunteer Ambassadors are running in-person Information Sessions as well as virtual Information Sessions that you can book on to attend. Or you can watch our short online video to join. Click here for further information

      Home Fire Safety Visits & NEW online Home Fire Safety Checks

      How safe are you? Hereford & Worcester Fire and Rescue Service (HWFRS) have launched a new online Home Fire Safety Check and are encouraging everyone to complete one for them or a family member, friend or neighbour, to see how safe you are –

      For those most at risk, partner agencies can complete a referral form for a Home Fire Safety Visit. A Home Fire Safety Visit is a FREE home safety visit that is tailored to an individual’s needs and is aimed at those who are more vulnerable such as the elderly, people living alone and those with reduced mobility. Further information can be found here Home Fire Safety Visit | Hereford & Worcester Fire and Rescue Service ( or you can contact the team on 0800 032 1155

      Additionally, HWFRS are happy to visit with any groups/attend events to take face to face referrals or give fire safety talks, email:

      Be a Considerate Parker

      Bromsgrove North SNT have had reports of inconsiderate parking. Please be mindful that even though you are parked legally, emergency vehicles may have to get through. Remembering this and leaving enough room for these larger vehicles would be greatly appreciated.

      Hands on the wheel? Hands off your phone

      From today, 25 March, the Government has strengthened the law to make it illegal to use a handheld mobile phone behind the wheel for virtually any use. The changes include any use such as taking photos or videos, scrolling through playlists, online chat functions or playing games.

      Research has shown that drivers who use a mobile phone while driving are slower at recognising and reacting to hazards, fail to see road signs, fail to maintain proper lane position and steady speed and are much less aware of what’s happening on the road around them.

      Read and see more at 

      “Hands on the wheel? Hands off your phone.” | West Mercia Police

      Getting extra help with the Priority Services Register

      The Priority Services Register is a free support service to help people in vulnerable situations. Energy & Water suppliers and network operators offer it. Each keeps their own register. You need to contact your energy supplier or network operator to get on it, i.e. for our area Western Power by filling in their online form ( or by telephoning 0800 9177953, or for Water contacting Severn Trent Water Priority Services register here.

      What is the Priority Service Register?

      The Priority Services Register (PSR) provides extra help and additional support during a power cut for elderly, very ill or disabled people, or those who rely on power for medical equipment.

      Energy Companies

      All energy companies, including gas and electricity companies, and network suppliers who deliver the power, work together to care for customers who need some extra help and support.

      Help you can get:

      • Advance notice of planned power cuts. If you rely on your energy supply for medical reasons your network operator can tell you about planned power cuts. For example, when they plan engineering work.
      • Priority support in an emergency. Network operators could provide heating and cooking facilities if you are cut off supply.
      • Identification and password scheme. This could include arranging a password or agreed on picture cards if callers need to visit or contact you. This way you can feel confident they are genuine.
      • Nominee scheme. You can nominate someone to receive communications and bills from your supplier. For example, a family member, carer or someone you trust.
      • Help with prepayment meter access. For example, moving a meter if you can’t safely get to it to top up.
      • Regular meter reading services. For example, if nobody can read your meter.
      • Accessible information. For example, account info and bills in large print or braille.

      Suppliers can offer free gas safety checks every 12 months. You can request a safety check if you get a means-tested benefit and either:

      • live with a child under five years old
      • live alone or with others and have reached state pension age
      • live alone or with others and are disabled or chronically ill
      • live with others who have reached state pension age or are disabled, chronically ill or under 18 years old.

      You are eligible if you:

      • have reached your state pension age
      • are disabled or have a long-term medical condition
      • are recovering from an injury
      • have a hearing or sight condition
      • have a mental health condition
      • are pregnant or have children under 5
      • have extra communication needs (such as if you don’t speak or read English well).

      You might still be able to register for other reasons if your situation isn’t listed. For example, if you need short-term support after a stay in hospital.

      Water companies

      Water companies also offer similar support services for vulnerable people.

      You can join the Severn Trent Water Priority Services register here.

      Help with rising fuel bills

      Many of you will be aware that Act on Energy provides free and confidential energy advice, but did you know that as part of the Worcestershire Winter 2021/22 Housing Support Fund, Act on Energy will be able to provide additional support to qualifying residents with their energy costs, fuel debt and where required, assistance to replace broken boilers and heating systems?

      This support, which has just been made available, includes:

      • Winter Fuel Payment – One off payment of £500 onto your gas/electric energy account for FAMILIES or a One off payment of £300 for SINGLE HOUSEHOLDS / COUPLES who meet the criteria
      • Pre-Payment Fuel Vouchers
      • Debt Relief – help with paying off fuel debt
      • Help with broken heating systems (all fuel types) – includes replacement or repair; installation of first-time heating systems; and servicing.

      Further information, including the eligibility criteria, can be found online at: WORCESTERSHIRE HOUSEHOLD SUPPORT FUND – Act On Energy

      Residents can apply online or by calling the freephone number 0800 988 2881.

      What 3 Words

      Three words for a faster emergency response.

      To find you more easily in an emergency, West Mercia Police, Hereford & Worcester Fire and Rescue Service and many other UK Emergency Services are encouraging you to share your 3 word address.

      What is what3words?

      what3words has divided the globe into 3m squares and given each one a unique 3 word address. It means everywhere can be located with just three words. For example ///kite.chats.dine will take you to a precise spot in a field next to the River Ouse in York. what3words is available as a free app for iOS and Android and online map at You can find out more about what3words here.

      How do I use what3words in an emergency?

      1. Find the 3 word address for your current location on the free what3words app for iOS and Android. It works offline – ideal for areas with unreliable data connection.
      2. Share your 3 word address over the phone to the call handler.
      3. The emergency service can then coordinate a response directly to the exact location where help is needed.

      What3Words – Easy way to supply accurate location information

      What3Words is a free app designed so people can easily relay location information without the hassle of having to find GPS coordinates or long-winded instructions such as “across the field with the burnt oak tree near the pond”.
      Instead every 3m square in the UK has been assigned a three word address which can be given to emergency service call handlers.
      The app is free to use and can be downloaded from your mobile devices app store.
      You can also access via the website at

      Are You Blue Light Aware?

      Do you know what to do should you be in driving along and you see blue lights and hear a siren?

      Solid white line systems and traffic islands often cause confusion for drivers when an emergency vehicle is behind them. Stop? Carry on? Speed up?

      Please watch this awareness video and help our emergency services.

      Operation Snap Leads To Action

      Operation Snap is the online dashcam reporting initiative where members of the public submit footage of moving road traffic offences directly via a secure portal on the internet.

      Since mid 2018 the Op Snap Team at West Mercia Police alone have dealt with over 5100 submissions and around 91% of these reports have resulted in a ‘positive action’ result.

      This doesn’t mean that 91% of drivers reported have been prosecuted, as in many case, an alternative means of dealing with the matter may have been used, such as warning letters or driver improvement courses. However, approximately 40% of reports have ended with a prosecution.

      Around 5% are repeat offenders and those who are deemed to cause the most harm on our roads, for example drink/drug drivers, speeders, those using mobile phones whilst driving so the initiative has a huge part to play in ensuring these motorists are removed from the roads.

      In approximately 9% of cases, no further action is taken – this may be because no offences can be confirmed from the footage, or the vehicle cannot be identified as the registration number or other unique markings are not visible.

      West Mercia Police are very grateful to both our residents and visitors to the force area who take the time to submit Op Snap reports and by doing so, are helping to make our roads a safer place for everyone.

      The work of Op Snap is contributing to helping us make the roads in West Mercia safer for all.

      Anyone who captures what they believe to be a moving traffic offence is encouraged to upload it via the Op Snap portal at

      How many smoke alarms do you have in your home?

      Latest fire statistics reveal that one smoke alarm may not be enough to provide you with the best chance of escaping a fire in the home.

      Most people know a working smoke alarm can save lives by providing those vital few seconds needed to escape a house fire. Despite the majority of homes (95%) having at least one working smoke alarm, smoke alarms only alerted householders to just one in every three fires in the home in England. The most common reason a smoke alarm failed to activate was because the fire was outside its range.

      For this reason, Hereford & Worcester Fire and Rescue Service (HWFRS) are encouraging people across the two counties to have a think about the number of smoke alarms in their home.

      Group Commander Stuart Crebbin, Community Risk department said: “We all must make sure that we have enough smoke alarms in our homes and that they are in the right places. If your whole home isn’t covered, you could be leaving it to chance and, in a fire, you might not get the early warning that you need.

      “The vast majority of us now have at least one working smoke alarm in our home, but early detection and warning is vital to reduce the devastation a fire can cause. That’s why it’s so important that you have enough smoke alarms and that they are in the right places. That will give them the best chance of alerting you and your loved ones to a fire.”

      He continued: “You should make sure you have at least one working smoke alarm on every level of your home, preferably in hallways and landings. Placing smoke alarms near to sleeping areas and in rooms where there are electrical appliances could give you the extra warning you need.

      “It’s also important to remember that smoke alarms don’t last forever. The power might work, but the mechanism deteriorates with time, so whether they are battery operated or wired to the mains, to work at their best they should be replaced every ten years.”

      HWFRS offered these smoke alarm top tips:

      • Install a smoke alarm on every level of your home.
      • The ideal position is on the ceiling, in the middle of a room or on a hallway or landing.
      • Consider fitting additional alarms in other rooms where there are electrical appliances and near sleeping areas.
      • Don’t put alarms in or near kitchens and bathrooms where smoke or steam can set them off by accident.
      • Install a heat alarm in your kitchen
      • Replace your smoke alarms every ten years.
      • Test your smoke alarms weekly

      Group Commander Crebbin also urged carers and people who keep a close eye on less able relatives to check that these homes have enough smoke alarms in the right places too.

      “Finally, if you want to see if you would qualify for a free Home Fire Safety Check or would like any fire safety advice, please call 0800 032 1155,” added Group Commander Crebbin.

      Have a Happy Christmas – Smoke Alarms Save Lives

      It’s beginning to look a lot like the time of year when statistically accidental fires in the home are more likely to occur! As many of us are ‘going early’ with putting the decorations up check your smoke alarms are working properly, and ensure that everyone in the house knows how to escape in the event of an emergency!

      Make a diary note to regularly check #TestItTuesday

      Appeal To Motorist When Passing Horses

      To provide safety to horse, rider and motorist, please follow these four simple steps when passing horse riders along our country roads;

      • Slow down to a max of 15mph,
      • Be patient & dont sound your horn or rev your engine,
      • Pass the horse wide and slow, (if safe to do so) at least a car’s width,
      • Drive slowly away

      Fire Chiefs & Burns Association Issue Fireworks Warning

      The National Fire Chiefs Council (NFCC) has teamed up with the British Burn Association (BBA) to warn families of the dangers of holding firework displays at home this Bonfire Night.

      Between 2014 –19 there were more than 1,000 severe burn injuries involving fireworks in England and Wales, with 38% of these in youngsters under 15 years of age and the majority (67%) were sustained by males.

      The NFCC advises that in order to hold a firework display, the space required depends on the type of firework and must be checked. The information for each firework will be printed on the side of the product so should be checked before purchase. In general, the distance required will range from five metres to 25 metres, this is equivalent to half the length of a fire engine to two and half times the length of a fire engine. So, spectators should be at least this distance away from the firework when it is set off. Therefore, the size of the garden will need to be greater than the distance shown on the firework.

      If families do have the space in their garden, they must ensure that fireworks are bought from a licensed supplier or authorised retailer who can also provide appropriate advice. Fireworks must not be bought or used by anyone under the age of 18 and fireworks must have the CE safety mark printed on them.

      Recently introduced government legislation gives police the powers to fine people who break the latest measures. Government restrictions on social gatherings – both nationally and locally – aim to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and to ease pressures on the NHS.

      Remember, Remember Stay Safe This November

      Think twice about home firework displays, in addition to the destress that fireworks cause livestock and family pets (we are a farming community), fireworks are dangerous and can cause serious injury. 

      If you choose to go ahead plan and prepare – carefully, 

      A £2 firework at a family display misfired & left Maisie with burn injuries. Hear her story in this video released by the National Fire Chiefs Council.  

      WARNING:  Some people may find the film destressing.

      How long does it take litter to rot?

      How long does litter take to rot if we carelessly throw it away?

      Two Weeks – Apple Cores

      Although this is a rapid decomposition time, throwing away cores and other pieces of fruit can encourage rodents.

      Four Weeks – Paper towels, paper bags, newspaper

      With these items, decomposition time can vary enormously depending on how they are disposed of.

      Six Weeks – Cereal boxes, banana skins

      Banana skins can take longer than this to decompose if the weather is cold, as the skins are designed to protect the fruit inside. They are full of cellulose which is the same material from which cellophane wrappers are made.

      Two – Three Months – Waxed cartons, cardboard

      With such items, the decomposition time will vary depending on the thickness of the carton.

      Six months – Cotton clothing

      Of all textiles, cotton is the most biodegradable. Cotton can be composted and if the conditions are damp and warm enough, a piece of light cotton clothing can biodegrade in as little as a week.

      One Year – Light woollen clothing

      Light woollen clothing such as pullovers and socks. Wool is a natural product, so when it decomposes it releases into the soil useful nutrients such as protein keratin.

      Two Years – Orange peel, plywood, cigarette ends

      Cigarettes contain more than 600 ingredients, of which the longest lasting is cellulose acetate which takes a very long time to biodegrade.

      Five Years – Heavy woollen clothing

      Ten to Twenty Years – Plastic Bags

      Many newer bags are designed to decompose when exposed to sunlight, though the majority are made from high density polyethylene. This is made with refined petroleum and it is not easily decomposed. The natural micro – organisms in soil don’t recognize the chemicals as food, so don’t break them down.

      Thirty to Forty Years – Nylon, Carpet, Disposable Nappies

      While they are convenient, disposable nappies are pretty toxic items, even if they haven’t been used, as they are treated with many chemicals.

      Fifty Years – Tin cans, Car tyres, trainers, leather.

      Seventy-Five to Eighty Years – Crisp Packets

      With many packets made from metallised plastic film, they last a ridiculously long time.

      One Hundred Years – Plastic Ring Holder

      These are particularly hazardous to animals, as the rings can get trapped around their necks and choke them.

      Two Hundred Years – Aluminium Drink Cans

      It is more beneficial to recycle aluminium as it can be done indefinitely and the energy of recycling cans is far lower than creating new ones. Twenty recycled cans can be made using the same amount of energy it takes to make one new can and recycling just one can, can save as much energy as it takes to power a television for three hours.

      Five Hundred Years – Plastic Bottles

      Petrochemical products like these never fully biodegrade and the chemicals will remain in the soil.

      One to Two Million Years – Glass Jars and Bottles

      It could well be that these may last indefinitely. Glass is mainly composed of silica, which is one of the most stable and enduring minerals on the planet. The greatest problem with waste glass is that it is breakable and shards can do serious damage to creatures who eat or lick any food or drink residues.

      And Even Longer – Batteries

      While the thin metal casings break down eventually, the chemicals inside such as zinc, lead and mercury stay in the ground and can be extremely toxic.